The High Cost of Disparaging Natural Immunity to Covid

新冠病毒还在肆虐,疫苗接种的必要性在各个国家都未有定论。 这似乎不只是一个科学问题,还是经济和政治问题。

词组

The High Cost of Disparaging Natural Immunity to Covid
标题,轻视新冠自然免疫的巨大代价
Disparage /dɪ'spærɪdʒ/ vt 轻视 贬低;批评 非难;

after two years of accruing data
经过两年的数据积累
accrue /ə'kru/ vt&vi 自然增长,积累

the superiority of natural immunity over vaccinated immunity
自然免疫力优于接种疫苗的免疫力
the superiority of A over B A比B的优越性

reinstate those employees with an apology
让那些员工复职并道歉
reinstate 使恢复原有权利,复职;

CDC( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention )
疾病控制和预防中心

call for CDC to release its data on reinfection rates
呼吁 CDC 公布再感染率数据

natural immunity was 2.8 times as effective in preventing hospitalization compared with vaccination
自然免疫在预防住院方面的效力是疫苗2.8倍

base the conclusion on the finding that xxx
基于如下发现的结论,xxx

because of the NIH’s inaction
因为NIH的不作为

be rechallenged with the virus
再次感染病毒

in the early months of the vaccine rollout
在疫苗推出的最初几个月
rollout 首次出现

fire 55 staff members on Oct. 18 for being out of compliance with Gov. X’s vaccine mandate
于10月18日解雇了55名违反了州长X的疫苗令

summon staff who were Covid-positive to return to work
召回新冠病毒检测阳性的员工返回工作

wear appropriate personal protective equipment
穿戴合适的个人防护装备

all medical facilities under its jurisdiction
在其管辖范围内的所有医疗机构

uphold the rule
维持规定

issue a stay against a similar mandate
针对一项类似的授权发布了暂停令

suspend its vaccine mandate for state employees
暂停了针对州雇员的疫苗接种令

follow their lead
效仿他们

owe an apology to Americans who lost their jobs on the false premises
向因虚假前提而失业的美国人道歉 on the premise 在…前提下

句子

Vaccines were wasted on those who didn’t need them, and people who posed no risk lost jobs.
疫苗被浪费在那些不需要疫苗的人身上,而那些没有风险的人失去了工作。

Public-health officials ruined many lives by insisting that workers with natural immunity to Covid-19 be fired if they weren’t fully vaccinated.
公共卫生官员们毁了很多人的生活,因为其坚称对Covid-19自带免疫的人如果没有完全接种疫苗久该被解雇。

employers got rid of those least likely to infect others.
雇主解雇了那些最不可能感染他人的员工。

Yet the CDC spun the report to fit its narrative, bannering the conclusion “vaccination remains the safest strategy.”
然而,CDC 根据自己的叙述歪曲了这份报告,并打出了“疫苗接种仍然是最安全的策略”的结论 spin 旋转,纺纱;此意为修改报告以支撑其结论

Similarly, the National Institutes of Health repeatedly has dismissed natural immunity by arguing that its duration is unknown—then failing to conduct studies to answer the question.
类似地,美国国立卫生研究院(National Institutes of Health)一再驳斥自然免疫,称其持续时间未知,但没有进行研究来回答这个问题。
dismiss sth by
dismiss 让...离开;开除,解散
conduct studies 开展研究

antibodies were present in 99% of them up to nearly two years after infection.
99%的人在感染后近两年内都存在抗体。

The CDC study and ours confirm what more than 100 other studies on natural immunity have found: The immune system works.
CDC 的研究和我们的研究证实了其他100多项关于自然免疫研究的结论:人体免疫系统有用。

For years, studies have shown that infection with the other coronaviruses that cause severe illness, SARS and MERS, confers lasting immunity.
多年来,研究表明,感染其他导致严重疾病的冠状病毒SARS和MERS可赋予持久的免疫力。
confer vt 授予 给予;vi 协商;

They used the wrong starting hypothesis, ignored contrary preliminary data, and dug in as more evidence emerged that called their position into question.
他们使用了错误的起始假设,忽略了相反的初步数据,并在更多证据出现时深入研究,使他们的立场受到质疑。

Many clinicians who talk to other physicians nationwide had have long observed that we don’t see reinfected patients end up on a ventilator or die from Covid, with rare exceptions who almost always have immune disorders.
长期以来,许多与全国其他医生交谈的临床医生都观察到,我们没有看到再次感染的患者最终使用呼吸机或死于新冠病毒,只有极少数例外,他们几乎总是患有免疫障碍。
clinician [klɪˈnɪʃən] 住院医生,临床医生;
physician [fɪ'zɪʃən] 医生,内科医生; have long observed that 原文多了一个 had; reinfected patients 再次感染的病人
end up on a ventilator 以使用呼吸机结束
ventilator /'vɛntɪletɚ/ 呼吸机

Meanwhile, public-health officials recklessly destroyed the careers of everyday Americans, rallying to fire pilots, truck drivers and others in the supply-chain workforce who didn’t get vaccinated.
同时,公共卫生官员们莽撞地摧毁了普通美国人的职业生涯,坚决地解雇飞行员,卡车司机和其他从事供应链工作的未接种的人。
recklessly 不顾一切地,鲁莽地;
everyday Americans 普通美国人
rally to do 集合干某事;此处意为官员们一致行动;在之前关于股市的文章中,rally也用于大跌后的回升;

原文

The High Cost of Disparaging Natural Immunity to Covid
Vaccines were wasted on those who didnt need them, and people who posed no risk lost jobs.
By Marty Makary
Jan. 26, 2022 11:52 am ET

Public-health officials ruined many lives by insisting that workers with natural immunity to Covid-19 be fired if they werent fully vaccinated. But after two years of accruing data, the superiority of natural immunity over vaccinated immunity is clear. By firing staff with natural immunity, employers got rid of those least likely to infect others. Its time to reinstate those employees with an apology.

For most of last year, many of us called for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to release its data on reinfection rates, but the agency refused. Finally last week, the CDC released data from New York and California, which demonstrated natural immunity was 2.8 times as effective in preventing hospitalization and 3.3 to 4.7 times as effective in preventing Covid infection compared with vaccination.


Yet the CDC spun the report to fit its narrative, bannering the conclusion vaccination remains the safest strategy. It based this conclusion on the finding that hybrid immunitythe combination of prior infection and vaccinationwas associated with a slightly lower risk of testing positive for Covid. But those with hybrid immunity had a similar low rate of hospitalization (3 per 10,000) to those with natural immunity alone. In other words, vaccinating people who had already had Covid didnt significantly reduce the risk of hospitalization.

Similarly, the National Institutes of Health repeatedly has dismissed natural immunity by arguing that its duration is unknownthen failing to conduct studies to answer the question. Because of the NIHs inaction, my Johns Hopkins colleagues and I conducted the study. We found that among 295 unvaccinated people who previously had Covid, antibodies were present in 99% of them up to nearly two years after infection. We also found that natural immunity developed from prior variants reduced the risk of infection with the Omicron variant. Meanwhile, the effectiveness of the two-dose Moderna vaccine against infection (not severe disease) declines to 61% against Delta and 16% against Omicron at six months, according to a recent Kaiser Southern California study. In general, Pfizers Covid vaccines have been less effective than Modernas.


The CDC study and ours confirm what more than 100 other studies on natural immunity have found: The immune system works. The largest of these studies, from Israel, found that natural immunity was 27 times as effective as vaccinated immunity in preventing symptomatic illness.


None of this should surprise us. For years, studies have shown that infection with the other coronaviruses that cause severe illness, SARS and MERS, confers lasting immunity. In a study published in May 2020, Covid-recovered monkeys that were rechallenged with the virus didnt get sick.

Public-health officials have a lot of explaining to do. They used the wrong starting hypothesis, ignored contrary preliminary data, and dug in as more evidence emerged that called their position into question. Many, including Rochelle Walensky, now the CDCs director, signed the John Snow memorandum in October 2020, which declared that there is no evidence for lasting protective immunity to SARS-CoV-2 following natural infection.

Many clinicians who talk to other physicians nationwide had have long observed that we dont see reinfected patients end up on a ventilator or die from Covid, with rare exceptions who almost always have immune disorders. Meanwhile, public-health officials recklessly destroyed the careers of everyday Americans, rallying to fire pilots, truck drivers and others in the supply-chain workforce who didnt get vaccinated. And in the early months of the vaccine rollout, when supplies were limited, we could have saved many more lives by giving priority to those who didnt have recorded natural immunity.

The failure to recognize the data on natural immunity is hurting U.S. hospitals, especially in rural areas. MultiCare, a hospital system in Washington state, fired 55 staff members on Oct. 18 for being out of compliance with Gov. Jay Inslees vaccine mandateand that was in addition to an undisclosed number of staffers who quit ahead of the vaccination deadline. The loss of workers contributed to a full-blown staffing crisis.

It got so bad that the hospital summoned staff who were Covid-positive to return to work even if they were sick, according to an internal memo obtained by Jason Rantz of KTTH radio. The memo stated that positive staff with mild to moderate illness could work, so long as they wear appropriate personal protective equipment, dont take breaks with others, and agree to stay home if symptoms worsen. Managers were recommended to assign Covid-positive staff to Covid-positive patients and vaccinated patients, but not immunosuppressed patients.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services took the hospital mandate national by decreeing that all medical facilities under its jurisdiction require vaccination for employees, including those with natural immunity. The Supreme Court upheld the rule on Jan. 13, the same day it issued a stay against a similar mandate from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which OSHA formally withdrew Tuesday.

Connecticut has suspended its vaccine mandate for state employees, and Starbucks is rehiring employees fired for being unvaccinated. Other states and businesses should follow their lead. Politicians and public-health officials owe an apology to Americans who lost their jobs on the false premises that only unvaccinated people could spread the virus and only vaccination could prevent its spread. Soldiers who have been dishonorably discharged should be restored their rank. Teachers, first responders, and others who have been denied their livelihood should be reinstated. Everyone is essential.

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